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何时改?怎样动?——聚焦延迟退休六大焦点
记者 姜琳、闫起磊、霍思颖 2021-12-15 09:40

亚博APP手机版   “shishijianjinshiyanchifadingtuixiunianling。”《zhonggongzhongyangguanyuzhidingguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisigewunianguihuaheerlingsanwunianyuanjingmubiaodejianyi》lidezheiyibiaoshu,shoudaoshehuigaoduguanzhu。

  yanchituixiuyoumeiyou“shijianbiao”?nannvshifougaitonglingtuixiu?jiudajiazuiguanxindeyixiewenti,jizhecaifanglequanweibumenhezhuanjia。

  焦点一:延迟退休有多大必要性?

  renliziyuanheshehuibaozhangbuyanglaobaoxiansixiangguanfuzerenjieshaoshuo,woguorenjunyuqishoumingyicongxinzhongguochenglichuqide40suizuoyoutigaodaole2019niande77.3sui,danshixinzhongguochenglichuqiquedingdenanxing60sui、nvganbu55sui、nvzhigong50suidefadingtuixiunianling,jin70nianweiyoudiaozheng。

亚博APP手机版   “yu‘shisanwu’xiangbi,zheiciguihuajianyiqiangdiaoshishi,jiushiyaozhenzheng‘dong’qilai,congdingcengshejidaofuzhuxingdong,tigaofadingtuixiunianlingshidashisuoqu。”zhongguoshekeyuanshijieshehuibaozhangyanjiuzhongxinzhurenzhengbingwenshuo。

亚博APP手机版   zhongshandaxuelingnanxueyuanjinrongxijiaoshoupenghaoranrenwei,yanchituixiushiyouxiaoyingduirenkoulaolinghuadexianshixuyao。guozaotuixiurongyizaochengrenliziyuanlangfei。congguojihengxiangbijiao,woguoxianxingtuixiunianlingyemingxianpiandi。renshebuziliaoxianshi,jinnianlai,meiguo、deguo、ribendengdoujiangfadingtuixiunianlingzhubutigaodaole65suishenzhigenggao。

  jinguanduinannvshifougaitonglingtuixiudengwenti,zhuanjiamenhaicunzaibutongkanfa,jutiqujueyuxiayiburuheguiding,dannvxingyanchituixiudesudulvekuaiyixie、suoxiaonannvzhijiantuixiunianlingdechayi,zaixuejieyijibenchengweigongshi。

  焦点二:延迟退休会不会只利好一部分人?

  yixierenrenwei,yanchituixiuyouliyujiguan、shiyedanweilingdaoganbuyijiguoyouqiyefuzeren,nengrangtamenshizhangengduocaigan,tongshihuodejiaogaodeshouru。erputongzhigongtebieshijicengqiyezhigongxiangduiquefajijixing。

  jizhecaifanglejiedao,butongzhiye、butongxingyedecongyezhe,duiyanchituixiudeqidaiyebuyizhi。zongtikan,tililaodongzhedanyoujiaoduo,naolilaodongzhefanyingmeineimeqianglie。yixieyixuezhuanjia、daxuejiaoshou、kexuejiadeng“tuierbuxiu”,youdeshenzhiqibashisuihaizaifenzhan。

亚博APP手机版   weilejianshaoshehuizhendong,zhengqugengduozhichi,bufenzhuanjiajianyi,zaijutishishiyanchituixiushi,yishiyaojiejuejilijizhiwenti,ershiyaoqiangdiaoxunxujianjin,zhuzhonggaigedegongpingxing、zhidudekexuexing。

  焦点三:养老金是不是不够了?

  shishiyanchituixiu,shibushiweilehuanjieqiyezhigongjibenyanglaobaoxianjijindeshouzhimaodun?jinnianqiyeshebaofeijianmianlidukongqian,wangyanglao“zijinchi”fangdezijinshaole,tuixiuzhigongyanglaojinhuibuhuishouyingxiang?

  zhenduizheixiedanyou,renshebuyanglaobaoxiansixiangguanfuzerenbiaoshi,quebaojibenyanglaojinanshizuefafang、baozhangtuixiurenyuanjibenshenghuo,shiguojiajianlijibenyanglaobaoxianzhidudechuxinheshiming,yeshidanghezhengfudezhuangyanchengnuo,gengshiyanglaobaoxiangongzuode“dixian”he“hongxian”,juebuhuitupo。

亚博APP手机版   “congqiansanjiduqiyeyanglaobaoxianjijinshijiyunxingqingkuangkan,zongtijiaopingwen,shenzhihaihaoyuyuqi。congjijinshouzhikan,zongshouru2.1wanyiyuan,zongzhichu2.8wanyiyuan。suiranduanqishourudiyuzhichu,danjijinleijijieyu4.5wanyiyuan。guojiawanquanyouxinxin、younengliquebaoyanglaojinanshizuefafang。”zheiweifuzerenshuo。

  焦点四:延迟退休会对就业产生“挤出效应”吗?

亚博APP手机版   “huibuhuichuxianyixielingdaoganbuburangweizi、nianqingrenjiuyegengnandewenti?”mianduijizhezheiyitiwen,duoweizhuanjiajichulefoudingdaan。

  “duanqinei、zaigaigezhuanxingqi,bupaichugebiedanwei、qiyekenenghuichanshengyixiejiuyejiya,danshizhangqikan,buhuiduijiuyeshichangchanshengxianzhuyingxiang。”zhengbingwenshuo,guojishangqitaguojiayanchituixiudeshijijingyan,yebuzhichizheiyijielun,yinweijiuyegangweibushiyixierentuichujiuyeshichangerchanshengde,zhuyaohaishijingjifazhanhechanyejiegoudiaozhengdailaide。

  qinghuadaxuegonggongguanlixueyuanjiuyeyushehuibaozhangyanjiuzhongxinzhurenyangyansuiyerenwei,jiuyeshichanglinianqingrenyounianqingrendegangwei,laonianrenyoulaonianrendegangwei,xianghuhenshaojiaocha,yinciyanchituixiujizhannianqingrengangweideqingkuangbingbutuchu。

  焦点五:延迟退休何时能出“时间表”?

亚博APP手机版   jinnian9yue,renshebuhuidawangminguanyuyanchituixiuzhengcetiwenshibiaoshi,zhenganzhaodangzhongyang、guowuyuandebushuheyaoqiu,shiyingrenkoulaolinghuaheyuqishoumingyanzhangdexuqiu,renzhenyanjiuxiangguanzhengcecuoshi。

  “jutiheshituichuxuyaozhongyangshenshidushi,genjujutiqingkuanglaianpaishishizheixiangzhengcedejiezou。”zhengbingwenshuo,“keyikendingdeshi,yanchituixiubuhuiyibudaowei,butaikeneng‘duanyashi’jinxinggaige,buhuiyinianjiutuichiwusuituixiu。”

  tarenwei,guanjianyaozhidingyigejianjinshitigaofadingtuixiunianlingdexiangxizhengce,jichu“shijianbiao”“luxiantu”,ranggegenianlingduandequntidouyouqingxiyuqi,zuidachengduhuoqugaigegongshi。

  penghaoranjianyi,tuixiunianlingdediaozhengyidingyaobimianlinjindebutongdaijirenqunzhijiandechajuguoda。

  焦点六:养老金水平能不能持续提高?

亚博APP手机版   jizhecaifangfaxian,yixiezhigongbuyuanyiyanchituixiu,zhuyaoshidanxinjiaoyanglaojindeshijianzhang,zuihoulingdeshijianduan,xiangdangyushaonaqian、chilekui。

  chixutigaoyanglaojinshuiping、rangwantuixiuderenduolingyixieyanglaojin,shimuqianzaizhirenyuandepubianqipan。

  “weilaiyifangmianyaokaipigengguangfandezijinchoucuolaiyuan,baokuotigaoyanglaobaoxianjijindetouzihuibaolv、jiadaguoyouzichanhuaboshuipingdeng;lingyifangmianhaixujinyibuwanshanjibenyanglaobaoxianzhidusheji,biruheliquedinggerenzhanghujizhanglilvdeng,tigaodajiacanbaojiaofeidejijixing。”penghaoranshuo。

  jinnianlaiyanglaojindaiyulianxutigao,zaigaigediaozhengguochengzhong,yechuxianlehenshaobufenzhigongyanglaojin“bukanjiaofeizhangduan,zhikantuixiuzaowan”dexianxiang。

亚博APP手机版   duici,renshebuyanglaobaoxiansixiangguanfuzerenbiaoshi,canbaorenyuanyanglaojinshuipingyuqijiaonashijianzhangduan、jiaonajinegaodimiqiexiangguan,canbaorenyuanjiaofeideshijianyuezhang、jiaodeyueduo,tuixiuhoudaiyushuipinghuiyuegao。yaboappshoujibanzhengzaijiakuaijianquan“zhangjiaoduode、duojiaoduode”dejilijizhi。

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